Java Swing Vs JavaFX

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Difference between java swing and JavaFX

As you know, both Java Swing and JavaFX are for developing GUI applications, but here the question is which one is better and why? As Oracle introduces the JavaFX over Java swing as the future of GUIs. Oracle introduces JavaFX because there are lots of new things become in the world of technology and Java swing doesn’t support them or not recommended for lots of features. So Java decided to introduce a new language or we can see a toolkit which is known as JavaFX.

Now, JavaFX has lots of features which are not available in Java swing. JavaFX makes it easier for developing the rich client applications with cool appearance and designing features.

It includes lots of features over Java swing:

JavaFX vs Java Swing, JavaFX Features

Let’s we start it point by point

  • The first thing is that in the Java Swing “JFrame” is the main class in which all components are added to the shows, but in JavaFX here is “Stage” work like JFrame. And both JFrame and stage are an empty window and we can add a JPanel for JFrame and scene for JavaFX as our requirements. And after that, We can add components as we need in the JFrame or in the scene like button, menu etc.
  • As we read in introduction JavaFX support design style using CSS and we know CSS has great features of design for the look and feels. So it makes the styling of our application easier with powerful features./li>
  • Javafx also supports animations so it is also a great feature of JavaFX by which we can animate any nodes or scene of a JavaFX application to make our GUI look great. Swing also supports this feature, but it makes it harder to implement animations in an application.
  • JavaFX has a special effects package that can easily apply special effects to any node in the scene graph. By these classes let you easily apply shadows, reflections, blurs, and other interesting visual effects that can transform the appearance of your user interface./li>
  • In JavaFX, you can design your application using “FXML” which is similar to XML and HTML. By using FXML you can design the whole application without any Java class. And it is easy to implement FXML for designing.
  • In JavaFX 8 it combined with 3D support. Means now it supports 3D so you can design and develop any application in 3D and 2D.
  • It supports modern touch devices so by the JavaFX we can develop an application which is supported by touch devices.
  • Other JavaFX features :

    • It support webview.
    • It can be embedded in swing application.
    • JavaFX has properties and binding.
    • Scene builder by which you can drag and drop components for designing.
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